The Bankura, Birbhum and Murshidabad districts of West Bengal are few prominent regions which carry forward terracotta artwork, which was originally derived from an Italina word, which means “cooked earth”. It is one of the oldest forms of art in the world, which has found its place in the early civilisations of Harappa and Mohenjodaro, as early as 200 B.C. Terracotta gods and goddesses, deities, bowls, musicians, horses, elephants, and other figures of people, animals, and birds and various other traditional themes is appreciable craftsmanship of Rathin Karmakar, who makes brilliant Human designed crafts under the Crafts of Bengal of Bengal Terracotta Art.
Various Human terracotta crafts, specially themes of folk and patterns highlighted with traditional skill and explicit artwork, under the Crafts of Bengal of Bengal Terracotta Art, presented by the Rathin Karmakar can be found near the river beds, pits and ditches of the districts of Murshidabad, Bimbhum and Bankura. The fuel used in the making of the designs is available from naturla resources like twigs, dry leaves or firewood.
The time – consuming making process of terracotta artwork, Barasat from Bishnupur or Bankura disticts of Bengal begin with the refining of the clay thereby giving a desired shape to form. It is dried under the sun, placed in kiln, or atop combustible material in a pit, and then fired. The firing temperature is around 1000°C. And the iron contents give the fired body a yellow, orange, red “terracotta”, pink, grey or brown colour.This process has given rise to several Human terracotta artworks under the Crafts of Bengal presented by the Rathin Karmakar.
Derived from an Italian word, “cooked earth”, terracotta has found its place in the early civilisations of Harappa and Mohenjodaro, as early as 200 B.C. Mostly used by the early Chinese, Western Columbians and Greeks, during the ancient times, terracotta artwork made its way to India and as the name suggests , it has been a symbol of man’s first step towards progress. Gradually, terracotta has becomes a major source of livelihood throughout, specially in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharastra, Bishnupur and Bankura districts of West Bengal, other than Orissa. Barasat from the creative talents of Bishnupur and Bankura districts of West Bengal, various Human terracotta artwork under the Crafts of Bengal is presented by the Rathin Karmakar.