Terracotta, derived from an Italian word, which means “cooked earth” is one of the oldest forms of art in the world, has found its place in the early civilisations of Harappa and Mohenjodaro, as early as 200 B.C The Bankura, Birbhum and Murshidabad districts of West Bengal are few of the prominent regions which is carrying forward this “cooked earth” - making creativity. Terracotta gods and goddesses, deities, bowls, musicians, horses, elephants, and other figures of people, animals, and birds and various other traditional themes are appreciable craftsmanship of Rathin Karmakar, who makes brilliant Kolka designed crafts under the Crafts of Bengal of Bengal Terracotta Art.
The best designs of terracotta artwork can be found in Murshidbad, Birbhum, Hooghly and Digha. The theme is generally folk and the patterns are fairly highlighted with traditional skill and explicit artwork, made out of clay with a blend of two or three clays found in river beds, pits and ditches. The fuel used in the making of the designs is available from naturla resources like twigs, dry leaves or firewood. Various Kolka terracotta crafts under the Crafts of Bengal of Bengal Terracotta Art like is presented by the Rathin Karmakar.
Terracotta Artwork Barasat from the Bishnupur and Bankaura districts of Bengal, has a time-consuming making process, which has given rise to several Kolka terracotta artworks under the Crafts of Bengal presented by the Rathin Karmakar. However, first the clay is refined and given a desired shape. It is dried under the sun, placed in the kiln, or atop combustible material in a pit, and then fired. The firing temperature is around 1000°C. And the iron contents give the fired body a yellow, orange, red “terracotta”, pink, grey or brown colour.
Terracotta, derived from an Italian word, which means “cooked earth” is one of the oldest forms of art in the world, has found its place in the early civilisations of Harappa and Mohenjodaro, as early as 200 B.C. However, Terracotta, as the name suggests. has been a symbol of man’s first step towards progress. Mostly used by the early Chinese, Western – Columbians and Greeks in the ancient times, terracotta art work slowly made its way to India. Terracotta, however has become a major source of livelihood throughout India, particularly in the states like Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharastra, some of the districts of Bengal and Orissa. Barasat from the creative talents of Bishnupur and Bankura districts of West Bengal, various Kolka terracotta artwork under the Crafts of Bengal is presented by the Rathin Karmakar.