The Bankura, Birbhum and Murshidabad districts of West Bengal are few prominent regions which carry forward terracotta artwork, which was originally derived from an Italina word, which means “cooked earth”. It is one of the oldest forms of art in the world, which has found its place in the early civilisations of Harappa and Mohenjodaro, as early as 200 B.C. Terracotta gods and goddesses, deities, bowls, musicians, horses, elephants, and other figures of people, animals, and birds and various other traditional themes is appreciable craftsmanship of Basundhara, who makes brilliant Human designed crafts under the Crafts of Bengal of Bengal Terracotta Art.
The themes generally being folk, patterns are fairly highlighted with traditional skill and explicit artwork. And the best designs of terracotta artwork, made out clay with a blend of two or three clays can be found near the river beds, pits and ditches of the districts of Murshidabad, Bimbhum and Bankura. The fuel used in the making of the designs is available from naturla resources like twigs, dry leaves or firewood. Various Human terracotta crafts under the Crafts of Bengal of Bengal Terracotta Art like is presented by the Basundhara.
Terracotta Artwork Shantiniketan from the Bishnupur and Bankaura districts of Bengal, has a time-consuming making process, which has given rise to several Human terracotta artworks under the Crafts of Bengal presented by the Basundhara. However, first the clay is refined and given a desired shape. It is dried under the sun, placed in the kiln, or atop combustible material in a pit, and then fired. The firing temperature is around 1000°C. And the iron contents give the fired body a yellow, orange, red “terracotta”, pink, grey or brown colour.
Derived from an Italian word, “cooked earth”, terracotta has found its place in the early civilisations of Harappa and Mohenjodaro, as early as 200 B.C. Mostly used by the early Chinese, Western Columbians and Greeks, during the ancient times, terracotta artwork made its way to India and as the name suggests , it has been a symbol of man’s first step towards progress. Gradually, terracotta has becomes a major source of livelihood throughout, specially in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharastra, Bishnupur and Bankura districts of West Bengal, other than Orissa. Shantiniketan from the creative talents of Bishnupur and Bankura districts of West Bengal, various Human terracotta artwork under the Crafts of Bengal is presented by the Basundhara.